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A Latin American Consensus Statement for the Use of Contrast-Enhanced Transcranial Ultrasound as a Diagnostic Test for Detection of the Right-to-Left Shunt.

Zetola VF, Lange MC, Scavasine VC, Bazan R, Braga GP, Leite ACCB, Fabio SRC, Pontes Neto OM, Moro CHC, Sampaio G, Bor-Seng Shu E, de Lima Oliveira M, A de Miranda Alves M, Gomes DL, Pereira de Jesus PA, Oliveira-Filho J, Avelar WM, de Freitas GR, Borsoi R, Puppo C, Cocorullo SV, Brunser A, Massaro A, Bornstein NM, Razumovsky A, Del Sette M. Cerebrovasc Dis. 2019;48(3-6):99-108


The role of patent foramen ovale is a field of debate and current publications have increasing controversies about the patients' management in young undetermined stroke. Work up with echocardiography and transcranial Doppler (TCD) can aid the decision with better anatomical and functional characterization of the right-to-left shunt (RLS). A medical and interventional strategy may benefit from this information. A group of experts from the Latin American participants of the Neurosonology Research Group (NSRG) of the World Federation of Neurology created a task force to review the literature and describe the better methodology of contrast TCD (c-TCD). All signatories of the present consensus statement have published at least one study on TCD as an author or co-author in an indexed journal. Two meetings were held while the consensus statement was being drafted, during which controversial issues were discussed and voted on by the statement signatories. The statement paper was reviewed and approved by the Executive Committee of the NSRG of the World Federation of Neurology. The main objective of this consensus statement is to establish a standardization of the c-TCD technique and its interpretation, in order to improve the informative quality of the method, resulting in expanding the application of TCD in the clinical setting. These recommendations optimize the comparison of different diagnostic methods and encourage the use of c-TCD for RLS screening and complementary diagnosis in multicenter studies



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